Termite





Subterranean Termite

BIOLOGY / CHARACTERISTICS

Subterranean termites are social insects. There are three types (castes) of termite adults in a colony; 1) reproductives; 2) workers; and 3) soldiers. Reproductives can be winged, primary reproductives called alates or swarmers or wingless, secondary reproductives.

Winged reproductives have 1/4 to 3/8 inch long pale yellow-brown to black bodies and bear four wings of equal size that may be smoky grey to brown and have few wing veins. Termite workers are white and soft bodied. Soldiers resemble worker termites, except that they have enlarged brownish heads and strong, well-developed jaws. Soldiers defend the colony from invaders, primarily ants


Drywood Termite

BIOLOGY / CHARACTERISTICS

Drywood termites are light yellow to black with clear to smoky gray wings, about 7/16 inch long. Worker termites (nymphs), and are up to 3/8 inch long, wingless, white to grayish with white to yellowish-brown heads, and soldiers are similar but with large rectangular darker heads bearing well developed jaws (mandibles) used to defend the colony.

Since colonies are usually constructed inside wood, finding these termites can be difficult during routine pest inspections. Therefore, one of the best ways to identify an active infestation is the presence of fecal pellets.

Drywood termite fecal pellets are kicked out of the colony by workers and may accumulate below infestations.